salt content crude oil

salt content crude oil

How To Calculate Salt Content In Ptb? Refining2011-07-13· 1. W. L. Nelson in 'Petroleum Refinery Engineering' (McGraw-Hill, 1958), Table 4-6, presents salt content of several crudes, with average value varying from 1 to 261 lb salt per 1000 bbl. Thus

  • How To Calculate Salt Content In Ptb? Refining

    2011-07-13· 1. W. L. Nelson in 'Petroleum Refinery Engineering' (McGraw-Hill, 1958), Table 4-6, presents salt content of several crudes, with average value varying from 1 to 261 lb salt per 1000 bbl. Thus reported 0.018 lb/1000 bbl must be incorrect. 2. Assuming a crude oil sg=0.9, and that measured Cl is 10 ppm w/w, NaCl content can be calculated as follows:

  • Single Stage Desalter Mass Balance2013-02-22Convert Ptb To Ppm Refining, Hydrocarbons, Oil, and Gas2009-04-29查看更多结果
  • Crude oil salt content EnggCyclopedia

    2011-01-10· Crude oil salt content. 1 Min Read. Share This! Facebook; Twitter; Google Plus; Pinterest; LinkedIn; Crude oil extracted from the geological sources is sometimes accompanied with salt content. This salt content is usually measured in Pounds of Salt per Thousand Barrels of oil (PTB). Salt is not desirable in the refining plant due to formation of deposits on the

  • Desalter Wikipedia

    Overview
  • Modcon Systems Ltd. | MOD 4100-S Salt in Crude Oil

    The MOD-4100-S is an on-line salt in crude oil analyzer, which is designed to provide real time analytical data of the salt content in crude oils. Its technology correlates with ASTM D3230, an electrometric method, which determines the salt concentration in crude oil by measuring the conductivity a sample of crude oil a mixture of an xylene and a mixed solvent of Methanol and

  • (PDF) Determination of salt content in crude oil, turbine

    The salt content of a crude oil consists of salts dissolved in the water, which are dispersed within the produced crude. This study has been done to

  • Salt in Crude Analyser | Stanhope-Seta

    The Seta Salt in Crude Analyser is a robust and portable instrument for determining the chloride (salt) content of crude oils in full conformity to ASTM D3230, IP

  • Standard Test Method for Salt in Crude Oils

    1.1 This test method covers the determination of salt in crude oils. For the purpose of this test method, salt is expressed as % (m/m) NaCl (sodium chloride) and covers the range from 0.0005 % to 0.15 % (m/m).

  • Salt content in desalted crude oil should be less than one

    2015-02-12· Salt content in desalted crude oil should be less than one PTB. However due to some reasons the salt content of desalted crude oil is higher than a PTB , what can be the effects , or the changes it can create in the downstream process? Heavy and Sour Feedstocks . Answers. 02/12/2015 A: Daniel Vargas, Saudi Aramco, [email protected] Additional to corrosion problems in crude

  • Crude Oil Desalting Process | IntechOpen

    2014-10-09· Depending on the desired salt content in the desalted crude oil, a one- or two-step process could be applied. For refining purposes, a salt concentration of maximum 1, 5 PTB (pound of salt measured as NaCl per thousand barrels) is desired. By desalting, a considerable percentage of suspended solids (sand, clay, or soil particles, or even particles product from

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  • Salt Content Monitoring | Modcon Systems Ltd.

    On-line and real time determination of the salt content of the crude oil leaving the desalter also essential to fine tune the process parameters of the desalter. Continuous monitoring of the salt content by the MOD 4100 S Salt in crude oil analysers, is highly beneficial to guarantee the highest degree of desalting at lowest cost of operation, also including reducing the amount of

  • Standard Test Method for Salt in Crude Oils

    1.1 This test method covers the determination of salt in crude oils. For the purpose of this test method, salt is expressed as % (m/m) NaCl (sodium chloride) and covers the range from 0.0005 % to 0.15 % (m/m).

  • Desalting of crude oil in refinery EnggCyclopedia

    The salt content in the crude oil varies depending on source of the crude oil. When a mixture from many crude oil sources is processed in refinery, the salt content can vary greatly. The most concerns of the impurities in crude oil: The Inorganic salts can be decomposed in the crude oil pre-heat exchangers and heaters. As a result, hydrogen

  • Standard test methods (ASTM and others) for crude oil

    T ypical range of variation: 1 100 mg/kg salt (as NaCl) in crude oil. Back to Content. Sediment, total particulates. What: Determination of sediment and water (water only D4007, which give "BS&W" basic sediment and water,) in crude oils. D4807 has been validated for crude oils with sediments up to approximately 0.15 mass %. Why: Sediments (suspended solids) and water is

  • NEW Salts in Crude Analyzer – Koehler Instrument

    The chloride (salt) content is obtained by reference to a calibration curve of current, versus chloride concentration of known mixtures. The salts in crude analyzer conforms to ASTM D3230 and related specifications. The unit consists of an electrometric salt determinator which measures salt content, conductivity and temperature of crude oil samples, as well as pH

  • High Salt Content In Crude Oil Pipeline Metering Station

    2012-05-27· High Salt Content In Crude Oil Pipeline Metering Station posted in Refining, Hydrocarbons, Oil, and Gas: Dear Everyone. I am fresh engineer who is working on Oil & Gas Company in Indonesia. I have a problem in my Crude Oil. Its salt content is so high above 20 Ptb this week. Our pipeline length is 265 Km, API is aroun 32-34, Temperature 85 Celcius,

  • Application Technical Document

    Technical Description: on-line analyzer system for the determination of SALT in Crude Oil The content of this document is entirely a non-binding external opinion. Neither AppliTek NV nor any of its employees can be held liable for damages to people, third parties, goods and assets, that may result from implementing the content. AppliTek NV explicitly waives all responsibility. All

  • crude oil | Definition, Characteristics, & Facts | Britannica

    Crude oil, liquid petroleum that is found accumulated in various porous rock formations in Earth’s crust and is extracted for burning as fuel or for processing into chemical products. Crude oil is a mixture of varying hydrocarbons and other chemicals, and its physical properties vary widely.

  • Crude Oil Desalting Process | IntechOpen

    2014-10-09· Depending on the desired salt content in the desalted crude oil, a one- or two-step process could be applied. For refining purposes, a salt concentration of maximum 1, 5 PTB (pound of salt measured as NaCl per thousand barrels) is desired. By desalting, a considerable percentage of suspended solids (sand, clay, or soil particles, or even particles product from

  • Standard Test Method for Salts in Crude Oil (Electrometric

    5.3 This test method provides a rapid and convenient means of determining the approximate content of chlorides in crude oil and is useful to crude oil processors. 1. Scope . 1.1 This test method covers the determination of the approximate chloride (salts) concentration in crude oil. The range of concentration covered is 3.5 mg/kg to 500 mg/kg or 1.0 lb/1000 bbl to 150

  • Desalting PetroWiki

    2015-07-06· Crude oil that contains only 1.0% water with a 15,000-ppm salt content has 55 lbm of salt per 1,000 bbl of water-free crude. The chemical composition of these salts varies, but nearly always is mostly NaCl, with lesser amounts of calcium and magnesium chloride. Salt content limits might be by either of the following:

  • NEW Salts in Crude Analyzer – Koehler Instrument

    The chloride (salt) content is obtained by reference to a calibration curve of current, versus chloride concentration of known mixtures. The salts in crude analyzer conforms to ASTM D3230 and related specifications. The unit consists of an electrometric salt determinator which measures salt content, conductivity and temperature of crude oil samples, as well as pH

  • Standard Test Method for Salts in Crude Oil (Electrometric

    5.3 This test method provides a rapid and convenient means of determining the approximate content of chlorides in crude oil and is useful to crude oil processors. 1. Scope . 1.1 This test method covers the determination of the approximate chloride (salts) concentration in crude oil. The range of concentration covered is 3.5 mg/kg to 500 mg/kg or 1.0 lb/1000 bbl to 150

  • Crude oil desalter Knowino TAU

    A crude oil desalter is a device used in petroleum refineries to remove inorganic salts, water and sediment from the incoming petroleum crude oil feedstock before it is refined. This article focuses on the use of electrostatic desalters to produce a dehydrated, desalted crude oil with a low sediment content. Almost all refineries now use electrostatic desalters.

  • US4684457A Method for desalting crude oil Google

    The salt content of crude oil is reduced by washing it with at least 1% by volume of wash water of lower salinity than the water present in the crude oil and separating the resulting mixture of oil and water into a layer of crude oil of reduced salt content and a layer of saline water containing some oil. The latter is passed through a cross-flow membrane separator and the oil-free

  • Crude Oil Separation Processes Petroleum Refinery

    Crude Oil Pretreatment: Desalting. Desalting is the first separation process that takes place at the front end of a petroleum refinery (i.e., prior to atmospheric distillation; Figure 1.5). Its primary objective is to prevent corrosion and fouling of downstream lines and equipment by reducing the oil’s salt content significantly.

  • Standard Test Method for Salts in Crude Oil (Electrometric

    The chloride (salt) content is obtained by reference to a calibration curve of current versus chloride concentration of known mixtures. Calibration curves are based on standards prepared to approximate the type and concentration of chlo- rides in the crude oils being tested. 5. Significance and Use 5.1 This test method is used to determine the approximate chloride content of crude

  • IP 265: Determination of total salts content of crude oil

    IP 265: Determination of total salts content of crude oil Conductivity method . Document options. Hard Copy: £48.00 Add to Basket. PDF Download: £48.00 Add to Basket. EI Technical Partners get free access to publications. You will need to Login or Register here. Method adopted/last revised: 2001; Method reapproved: 2013; REF/ISBN: IP265-2934869; Status:

  • Crude Oil Treatment

    Crude Oil Treatment B.01 Electrostatic & Mechanical Treaters Introduction After primary oil/water separation, there is often a small amount of unwanted salts in residual water in the crude oil that needs to be reduced to a concentration around 5-10 PTB (Pounds per Thousand Barrels) salt. This salt needs to be removed so that the crude oil can be processed in a refinery or

  • Petroleum Wikipedia

    While significant volumes of oil are extracted from oil sands, particularly in Canada, logistical and technical hurdles remain, as oil extraction requires large amounts of heat and water, making its net energy content quite low relative to conventional crude oil. Thus, Canada's oil sands are not expected to provide more than a few million barrels per day in the foreseeable future.

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